b. Barcelona, 1850 - d. 1923
Architect, historian and politician, son of Pere Domènech i Saló.
|Inner view of the Palau de la Música Catalana, by Lluís Domènech i Montaner - Arxiu ECSA|
He studied in Barcelona and at the school of architecture in Madrid, where he graduated in 1873. In 1875 he was named full professor of composition and projects at the Barcelona school of architecture, where he became director in 1901 and where he exercised a fertile educational task. Professionally, the Universal Exposition of Barcelona provided him the opportunity to build the first works that made him popular: the Hotel Internacional (built in eight weeks) and the restaurant in the park of the Ciutadella (which was popularly known as the ), in a neo-Gothicesque style, made of visible brick and iron struts, with which he anticipated the architectural currents of the time. With his partner Antoni Maria Gallissà he later established there a studio for the perfection of the decorative arts applied to architecture. He built other monumental buildings in a very personal style, made of brick, wrought iron and polychrome glazed ceramic decorations, with an abundance of floral themes: the Thomas house (1899), the Palau de la Música Catalana
(1905-08), the Albert Lleó i Morera house (1905), and the Fuster house (1908), on Passeig de Gràcia, and from 1902 to 1912, the grand monumental complex of the Hospital de Sant Pau
, all in Barcelona.
|Modernist façade of the Navàs house, at the Plaça del Mercadal in Reus, by Lluís Domènech i Montaner - Arxiu ECSA|
Three timt the municipal government of Barcelona awarded to the best building of the year. In Canet de Mar he built the Casino (1887) and directed the reconstruction of the castle of Santa Florentina (1909); in Reus, he built the Pere Mata Institute (1897) and the Navàs house (1901), and in Palma de Mallorca, the Gran Hotel (1902-12). His studies aimed at determining the characteristics of a Catalan national art. His innovative personality and the whole of his architectural work leads him to be considered one of the world's leading figures of Art Nouveau. His political activities and his research brought him three times to the presidency of the Athenaeum of Barcelona (1898, 1911 and 1913).
|Aerial view of the Hospital de Sant Pau, by Lluís Domènech i Montaner - ECSA|
He e Floral Games of 1881, and president in 1895. He entered, late, the Acadèmia de Bones Lletres
(1921). As a journalist, he contributed to "La Renaixença", Lo Catalanista' and "La Veu de Catalunya", which he left in 1904 to found "El Poble Català." He began his Catalanist political activity at a very early age. He was member of Young Catalonia and the Centre Català, which he left in 1887 to enter the League of Catalonia (of which he was president in 1888) and the Catalanist Union (which he presided in 1892). He was one of the organisers of the assembly that approved the .
|Lluís Domènech i Montaner The Fuster house, in Barcelona - ECSA|
Inctics of collaboration with General Camilo Polavieja, favourable to regionalist demands, he was one of the signers of the Manifest a la reina regent
(1898). He entered the Catalan National Centre (1899), and later the Regionalist League (1901). He was one of the triumphant deputies of the candidacy called dels quatre presidents
(of the four presidents) elected in Barcelona in 1901, and he was re-elected in 1903. In disagreement with the activities of Cambó during King Alfonso XIII's visit to Barcelona (1904) he may have been the person who published a famous anonymous article entitled Fivellers de guardarropia
in the magazine "Joventut"; he left the Regionalist League and founded the weekly "El Poble Català", around which the Catalan Left was organised; socially conservative, he moved away, however, from this position and dedicated himself to archaeology and history, fruit of which were the works Centcelles, Baptisteri i cella-memoriae de la primitiva església metropolitana de Tarragona
(1921), Història i arquitectura del monestir de Poblet
(1925), La iniquitat de Casp i la fi del Comtat d'Urgell
(1930) and Ensenyes nacionals de Catalunya
(1936), the last three published posthumously, in collaboration with his son Fèlix Domènech i Roure. He also published technical books (Historia general del arte: arquitectura
, 1886; Iluminación solar de los edificios
, 1877) and essays (La política tradicional d'Espanya
, 1898; Estudis polítics
, 1905, Conservació de la personalitat de Catalunya